Gartner Hype Cycle 2008
- [b]Green IT[/b]. Along with broader societal pressure for environmentally sustainable solutions, IT has the opportunity ? and in many cases, a requirement ? to improve the “greenness” of its own activities, as well as to contribute to broader company and industry environmental initiatives.
- [b]Cloud computing[/b]. As enterprises seek to consume their IT services in the most costeffective way, interest is growing in drawing a broad range of services (for example, computational power, storage and business applications) from the “cloud,” rather than from on-premises equipment. Many types of technology providers are aligning themselves with this trend, with the result that confusion and hype will continue for at least another year before distinct submarkets and market leaders emerge.
- [b]Social computing platforms[/b]. Following the phenomenal success of consumer-oriented social networking sites, such as MySpace and Facebook, enterprises are examining the role that these sites, or their enterprise-grade equivalents, will play in future collaboration environments. The scope is also expanding to incorporate the notion of social “platforms,” or environments for a broad range of developers to build on the basic application.
- [b]Video telepresence[/b]. High-end videoconferencing systems (for example, from HP, isco, Teliris and others) that utilize large, high-definition (HD) displays and components to show life-size images of participants in meeting rooms or suites have proven significantly more-effective than earlier generations of videoconferencing technology in providing a strong sense of in-room presence between remote participants. High cost is currently the barrier to broader adoption.
- [b]Microblogging[/b]. Pioneered by Twitter (although other services are becoming available), microblogging is a relatively new addition to the world of social networking, in which
contributors post a stream of very short (less than 140 characters) messages providing information about their current activity or thoughts, which can then be subscribed to by others. The phenomenon has caught on among certain online communities, and leading-edge enterprises are investigating its role in enhancing other social media and channels.
- [b]3-D printers[/b]. Thanks to dramatic price reductions and quality improvements during the past two or three years, 3-D printers (which create a physical model from a digital design) are expanding into hobbyist, education and small business markets, and have transformational potential in manufacturing, replacement parts and design industries.